auto care

Automobile Exhaust System – How Does it Work?

Environment pollution has become a great concern in the modern world. One of the causes of environment pollution is the fumes of various machines like the air-conditioners, refrigerator, automobiles and others. People think about pollution on a per car basis but ignore the bigger picture. There are countless cars in the world today and the number is only going to grow in the future. So will the pollution.

A performance car exhaust system has the following elements which you should know about –

1. Exhaust Manifold – The air that is coming out of your Invidia system is the depleted gases that are used for the incineration that takes place inside your car engine. Normally, the s of the cars are made up of casted iron or steel or aluminum. The main function of the is to take in air and connect it to the head of the cylinder. Thus, from all cylinders is accumulated in one pipe.2. Oxygen Sensors – These are usually placed in the exhaust pipes or in your Skunk2 racing manifold. These are mainly required by the cars that use modern fuel. The oxygen sensors help in regulating the fuel consumption. These give the cars computer readings that can be used to control the fuel going into the engine.3. Catalytic Converter – These change the noxious gases into water vapor. It converts the hydro carbons and carbon monoxide into water vapor and CO2. This leads to lesser emission of pollutants. Catalytic converters are situated around the manifold. The usage of these has become compulsory by the laws of some states.4. Cat-Back – The function of cat-back is to allow smooth flow of gases with minimum back pressure. This point is important because of bends in the system pipes. You can find the cat-back around catalytic converters.5. Mufflers – The main function of this is to reduce the noise that takes place inside the burning of gases that takes place inside an engine consists of multiple explosions which create a huge amount of noise. This noise is stopped by the muffler.

Most of them use baffles which spread the which reduces the energy which in turn, silences the noise. They are also made up of fiber glass which helps to absorb the noise as the gases pass through it.

6. Exhaust Pipe – This is the last component of an automobiles system. This pipe is usually made up of steel that has been aluminized which is hard and sturdy. However, stainless steel is also used to manufacture these pipes. This stainless steel helps by resisting corrosion and thus, lasts longer. The which is produced inside is thrown out through this pipe.

A good system will give you better performance. If your car has a good system, it will function much better. Your system helps to provide an easy way out for the used gases and the engine in your car can work properly and peacefully. Also, if you have a good system, then you will have a greater efficiency of fuel. This will accelerate horsepower and will also benefit the torque.

There are a number of systems available in the market today. You can choose any one of them for better maintenance and performance of your automobile. Just make sure that you buy quality stuff for the benefit of the car you own. If you buy a new car, you might not even have to worry about this.

auto care

Lemon Law Usually Does Not Apply To Recalls 4.2 million cars recalled

Toyota recalled 4.2 million cars for the gas pedal problem. 2.3 million cars are in the United States and 4.2 million cars worldwide, including some of Toyota?s best-selling models, such as the Camry and Corolla. It has recalled millions more because of floor mats that can catch the gas pedal.
Repairs will take about a half-hour and will start in a matter of days. Toyota temporarily stopped selling some of its most popular models. They are subjected to rigorous testing and would solve the problem for the life of the car.
Toyota has announced that a part, a piece of steel about the size of a postage stamp, is en route to dealerships to repair recalled gas pedals and it was welcome news for car owners. Dealerships do not have any parts yet but they are training technicians. A steel shim a couple of millimeters thick needs to be installed in the pedal assembly, behind the top of the gas pedal, to eliminate the excess friction between two pieces of the accelerator mechanism. In rare instances, that friction can cause the pedal to become stuck in the depressed position.

Relief from lemon law

The state?s lemon law applies when an owner takes a vehicle in three or four times for the same problem and the dealer is unable to fix it. In Toyota?s case, the recall shows the company is trying to remedy the situation. The lemon law usually doesn?t apply to recalls.
60 percent of Toyota?s U.S. model mix is being affected by the recall and the halt in production could cost the company about 100,000 vehicles a month if it persists. Toyota has a reputation for strong resale values, which will likely be hit in the near term as the company works to regain consumer trust.

The Texas Lemon Law

Many worried and frustrated Toyota Camry and Corolla owners in Texas are wondering if the Texas Lemon Law could help them get a refund.
Unfortunately, it may not. Car owners have to meet some strict requirements.
In order to qualify for a replacement vehicle or refund under the Texas Lemon Law, one has to have given the dealer and the manufacturer a “reasonable number of attempts” to repair the defect. And most Toyota owners didn’t even know there was a problem until the recall was announced.
The gas pedal defect does meet some of the criteria of the lemon law. For example, it is a “serious safety hazard.” And most of the Toyotas are still under the original warranty.
But in order to file a lemon law complaint, you have to have taken your car in to the dealer to get fixed at least once in the first 12 months or 12,000 miles and at least once during the second 12 months or 12,000 miles.
If those repair attempts fail, you have to notify the manufacturer in writing and give them a chance to fix the car.
And at every step of the way you must keep records of all repair orders, letters and phone calls.
Even if you meet all those requirements, the law only gives you 30 months from when you purchased your car to file a complaint with the state.
The bottom line is the dealer and manufacturer must get a number of chances to fix the problem and in most cases, this recall is really Toyota’s first attempt.
In any case, Toyota owners need to watch their mail for letters notifying them their vehicles are among those that will be repaired.

auto care

Buying Dirt Cheap Cars And Fixing Them Up Is A Goldmine For A Handy Mechanic

For vehicle enthusiasts who are also entrepreneurs, buying and selling vehicles for profit is a great income generator. Whether as a side job or doing it full time, flipping cars entails buying a vehicle cheap because it needs a little work and then selling it for a profit.

Since the vehicles are owned outright, there is no carrying cost therefore they can be sold at whatever rate the seller sets for them. If you are mechanically inclined and know your way around a vehicle, this might just be the job for you. It all starts with your first vehicle, and finding that first vehicle is is what follows further on in this article.

Newspaper Ads

Your local newspaper will have quite a few deals to be had for someone willing to get rid of a car. Not knowing what is wrong with it could be a red flag, but not for the vehicle mechanic. Simply buying cars like these for only a few hundred dollars will enable you to pay for the parts to fix whatever issue the vehicle has. If you start with vehicles that are similar, such as fleet vehicles, their parts are extremely cheap as their parts fit quite a lot of models and years. The idea is to get the vehicle as clean as possible as well. Once the mechanics have been completed, send the car to get detailed or pay the neighborhood kid to wash, wax and vacuum the vehicle. A clean car could be all the difference in a sale.

The Internet and Free Ads

With the explosion of the Internet, advertising has never been simpler or cheaper. Your reach now includes miles of territory where before you were somewhat limited to the newspaper in your town. As with all vehicles purchased “As-Is, Where Is,” you should sell them just the same. You have no idea how the next person will treat the vehicle you just reconditioned or any underlying problem that you didn’t detect in your initial inspection.

Make sure you have a sellers and buyers contract that stipulates that the vehicle sold is in AS-IS condition. If you are good with bodywork then you are also in the right market as these vehicles are all over the place. Body parts for these vehicles are somewhat inexpensive and the the vehicle might have minor damage that is easily repairable.

Places to find really cheap cars are police impound lots where auctions are usually held monthly. Also ebay, Craigslist and, believe it or not, new car lots. New car lots get trades that they know they will have a hard time getting rid of. Another great place for cheap cars is insurance companies as they will typically purchase a vehicle from a client when it will cost more to fix than to scrap.

auto care

Prepare Your Car For Wintry Weather

Will your car be ready for winter?

For Rent-A-Wreck, a company that specializes in renting used cars at lower prices, maintaining a fleet of mechanically sound vehicles is a high priority. The company offers some tried-and-true tips on preparing your car for winter.

* Replace worn windshield wipers and refill the wiper fluid reservoir. With worn wipers that are not making even contact with the windshield glass, being able to see the road in front of you in heavy rain or snow becomes difficult. Special winter wipers with ice guards have become popular in recent years. Winter wipers are heavier than regular wipers and should be switched in the spring to avoid excess wear of the wiper motors.

* Wiper fluid is important, especially when roads have been treated with salt or chemicals that splash onto windshields. It’s not unusual to use a half-gallon of fluid during a lengthy drive in a snowstorm. Top off your supply after Thanksgiving and keep what’s left in the trunk for a mid-winter refresh.

* Inspect all tires and replace when necessary. Even in small amounts, snow and ice cause tires to barely grab the road, making worn tire tread especially dangerous. Snow tires provide the best control and are a good investment for vehicles that must be driven before streets are plowed or for areas where snowfalls are frequent. In areas where snow is an occasional nuisance, all-weather radials will suffice. Be sure to check tires for proper inflation. The owner’s manual and the inside driver’s side door should contain proper inflation levels.

* Test and replace coolant and antifreeze. Auto parts stores often sell antifreeze testers for less than $5. They are simple to use and the actual test takes just a moment. Frozen coolant lines might expand and burst an engine block if your antifreeze is not replaced immediately.

A complete flush and refill with 50 percent antifreeze and 50 percent water will keep your engine cooling lines free of ice in the winter and remove rust and dirt particles that effect the cooling system in the summer. In climates where temperatures drop to less than 34 below zero, a mixture of 70 percent antifreeze and 30 percent water is necessary.

* Don’t forget routine maintenance, including replacing worn parts like hoses, belts, water pumps, spark plug wires, and distributor caps. Cold weather can hasten their deterioration. Check under the hood for cracked rubber on hoses and for slack and damage to belts that drive the engine, alternator, air conditioning and fan.